Disaster Victim Identification by DNA analysis: The Tazreen Fashions Garment Fire Incident Experience in Bangladesh

Authors

  • Sharif Akhteruzzaman*, Md. Mahamud Hasan, Tania Hossain, Ashish Kumar Mazumder and Pilu Momtaz Department of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000

Keywords:

mass disaster, missing person, DNA-based identification, Short Tandem Repeats

Abstract

DNA-based identification is considered one of the most important tools in the event of mass fatality incidents. This technology not only provides the most powerful method for identification, but also reduces the risk of misidentification by visual methods or by means of associated documents found with the dead body. The use of biometric methods like, fingerprints, radiology or dental records are also limited in mass disaster situations involving mutilation of dead bodies. DNA-based identification therefore, remains the most reliable method for the identification of victims, where the dead bodies are highly decomposed, severely burnt or disintegrated into parts. DNA bases identification involves the comparison of DNA profiles of postmortem samples with those of antemortem DNA samples (personalized items e.g. shaving razor, tooth brush etc.) or by kinship analysis with living biological relatives. The identity of the missing person is finally evaluated by likelihood ratio (LR) calculations after DNA profile comparison. In this study, we report the DNA identification effort of victims in the tragic fire disaster at Tazreen Fashions Ltd., a garments factory located in Savar, Dhaka. Out of 59 unidentified dead bodies, the identity of 43 was confirmed by DNA analysis with the participation of 68 biological relatives representing 61 families.

 

Citation
This paper has been cited by the following papers:
1. Forensic applications of Y chromosomal properties
2. DNA analysis in identifying mass disasters victims-A review paper
3. MORPHOLOGY OF THE FACE AS A POSTMORTEM PERSONAL IDENTIFIER
4. DNA Identification of Human Remains in Disaster Victim Identification (DVI): An Identification of Burned Girls Students in Tanzania

How to Cite

Sharif Akhteruzzaman*, Md. Mahamud Hasan, Tania Hossain, Ashish Kumar Mazumder and Pilu Momtaz (1) “Disaster Victim Identification by DNA analysis: The Tazreen Fashions Garment Fire Incident Experience in Bangladesh”, Bioresearch Communications-(BRC). Dhaka, Bangladesh, 1(2), pp. 116-120. Available at: http://bioresearchcommunications.com/index.php/brc/article/view/56 (Accessed: 29November2020).

Issue

Section

Short Communication