Effects of sea fish oil capsule on hemoglobin and serum iron in medical college employee with type-2 Diabetes mellitus
Keywords:Diabetes mellitus, Anaemia, Haemoglobin, Serum iron and Omega-3 fatty acid
Background: Anaemia is a common condition in type-2 diabetes mellitus and its complications. Consumption of sea fish oil capsule may improve hemoglobin concentration and serum iron level in diabetic patient. Objective: To monitor the effect of consumption of omega-3 fatty acid on heamoglobin and serum iron levels in type- 2 DM. Methods: A prospective interventional study with 52 diagnosed diabetic patients of both sexes were scrutinized of 40 to 50 years. Among them, 27 type 2 diabetic patients with supplementation of omega 3 fatty acid (2g/day) for 12 weeks were named study group. Another 25 type 2 diabetic patients with placebo were named as control group for comparison. The study subjects were selected from employee of Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka on the basis of inclusion and exclusion criteria. The research work was conducted with obtaining ethical clearance from concerned departments.. The study parameters were estimated in Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka. The parameters were studied 2 times in study and control groups i.e. at the base line and after 12 weeks of study period. Data were gathered in pre-designed questionnaire form. For statistical analysis, Paired and Unpaired Student’s ‘t’ test were performed as applicable using SPSS Results: In this study hemoglobin and serum iron were increased in diabetic patients after supplementation with omega-3 fatty acid in comparison to that of their baseline value. Again, after 12 weeks, Hb and serum iron levels are lower in diabetic patients after supplementation with omega-3 fatty acid in comparison to control group. Conclusion: After analyzing the results of the study, it can be concluded that fish oil capsule can uphold Hb and serum iron levels in diabetic patients may be helpful to correct anaemia and prevent the complications of type-2 diabetes mellitus.